Factsheet- The Holy See
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Name of the State : The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)

Area : 0.44 Sq. Kms.

Location : Southern Europe.  An enclave of Rome, Italy

Land frontiers : 3.2 Kms. (border with Italy). Land-locked country

Population : Approx. 1200. Out of this,  820 are residents in Vatican City and the rest in other Papal territory.

Languages : Italian and Latin

Capital  : Vatican City

Religion :  Roman Catholic

National Flag : Two vertical bands of yellow (hoist  side) and white with the crossed  keys of Saint Peter and the papal miter centered in the white band

Type of Government : Monarchical-sacerdotal state

Constitution : Apostolic Constitution of 1967 (effective 1 March 1968)

Suffrage : Limited to cardinals less than 80  years  old

Foreign Policy : Perpetual neutrality

Executive Branch

Head of State :  His Holiness  Pope Francis

Secretary of State : His Eminence Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B

Secretary of Relations with States : His Excellency  Archbishop Dominique Mamberti

Judicial Branch :  None. Normally handled by Italy

Political parties and leaders : None

Diplomatic Relations: The Holy See has at present diplomatic relations with 176 States, European Community, Sovereign Order of Malta, relations of special nature with Russian Federation and Organization for the Liberation of Palestine.

Airport: No airport. Over flights allowed.

Newspapers: L’Osservatore Romano founded in  1861 is a daily newspaper and is the semi-official organ of the Holy See.  It covers general news and religious matters.

Broadcasting: Radio Vatican was designed byMarconi, the inventor of Radio.  It was founded in 1931 and was supervised by Marconi until his death.  One of the most powerful stations in Europe.  It operates in international frequencies for 20 hours every day, including Sundays, in any of 32 languages.

Economy : This unique, noncommercial economy is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to, or somewhat better than, those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome.

by occupation: Dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and 3,000 lay workers who live outside the Vatican

Industries: Printing and production of a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities

Currency:  Euro

Military    : Defence is the responsibility of Italy; Swiss Papal Guards are posted at entrances to the Vatican City


June 2013